Kidney transplantation replaces a diseased kidney with a healthy one from a donor. This procedure is done for patients in the advanced stage of kidney failure. The kidney transplantation procedure has a high success rate and has been gaining popularity recently.
The major difference between the kidney transplantation procedure from the rest of the surgeries is that in other surgeries, the diseased organ is removed, be it the gall bladder or uterus. But in the transplantation procedure, the diseased organ is taken out and is then replaced by a healthy organ from a live donor.
Our body’s immune system is designed to fight off any foreign bodies and infections. There is a chance of the transplanted kidney being rejected by the body, so it becomes vital to match the kidney as much as possible genetically. It would be best for the donor to be a close relative of the patient, like the father, mother, siblings, and children. This way, there is a higher chance of the kidney being accepted by the body.