Dr. Aravindan Selvaraj

Dr. Aravindan Selvaraj

Health Care Treatment

No.199, Luz Church Road, Mylapore Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

About Us

Dr. Aravindan Selvaraj is the Chief Orthopaedic Surgeon and Co-Founder of Kauvery Hospital, with expertise in managing fractures, sports injuries, joint replacement surgery, and keyhole surgery. 

Joint, Knee, and Hip Replacement Surgery
Sports Injuries
Frozen Shoulder
Fall Prevention
Arthritis Care
Osteoporosis Treatment
Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation
Keyhole Surgery
Geriatric Care

Orthopaedic Surgeon Chennai

Products / Services

  • Orthogeriatrics

  • Joint Replacement Surgery

  • Hip Replacement Surgery

  • Knee Replacement Surgery

  • Keyhole Surgery

  • Fracture Treatment

  • Neck and Pain Management

  • Sports Injuries

  • Arthritis

  • Physiotherapy

  • Rehabilitation

  • Geriatric Care

  • Ligament Reconstruction

  • Frozen Shoulder

  • Fall Prevention



What are the benefits of geriatric care?

As the body ages, it not only becomes weaker, but it is also more susceptible to various diseases and ailments. The evaluation of the patient’s health and the nature of any disorders will be different from the process used for younger people. The medical problems, how they affect health, whether they impact other health issues, and the right course of treatment all call for specialized medical knowledge. A doctor specializing in geriatrics has the training and knowledge to understand, diagnose and treat the medical problems of the elderly most safely and effectively.

How much should you walk after knee replacement?

The relief from chronic pain and continuing knee pain treatment begins once the surgery is over. Within a day or two, a patient is asked to start walking and exercising the new joint. The return to “normal” or the physical state that the patient was in before the knee problems began will progress slowly and steadily. The timeframe will depend on the age and health of the patient and other factors about which a joint replacement specialist will be able to give you detailed and accurate information.

What is the most common injury in sports?

There are a number of common sports injuries – each sport has its own factors that may cause injury. Generally speaking, muscle strains, ligament and tendon tears, joint injuries, and cuts and bruises are the most common. In most cases, rest and common sense will be enough to cure the problem. However, if this does not work, or if the problem or amount of pain is severe, then an orthopedic specialist specializing in treatment for sports injuries should be consulted.

Is joint replacement major surgery?

Joint replacement is major surgery, but it is also commonplace and very safe. The term major surgery often causes fear and anxiety in patients. Modern medicine makes even major procedures much safer than ever before. An orthopedic surgeon will routinely perform joint replacement surgeries and will know exactly how to ensure that the best possible outcomes of the surgeries he performs are achieved. In the case of joint replacement, there is no need to worry about the surgery. Focus instead on the way life will improve after the surgery.

Why do people need a knee replacement?

The knee joint will be worn out or damaged. In such instances, your mobility will be impacted and you will experience pain during resting. If this pain doesn’t alleviate even after other treatments, it is time to go for knee replacement surgery.

How long does it take for an ACL to heal?

The normal timeframe is from 6 to 9 months, but this could be longer or shorter, depending on several factors. The extent of the injury, the overall health of the patient, the type of surgical procedure done and the rehabilitation process all play a part in determining how long full recovery will take. If you require ACL surgery, consult an orthopaedic surgeon who, after doing a detailed examination and reviewing test results and your medical history, will give you a clear picture of the extent of the ACL problem, the treatment options and recovery times and advise you on which will be right for you.

Can fracture be treated without surgery?

Yes, fractures may be treated without surgery in some cases. The right treatment option will depend on the nature of the fracture and the other medical factors like the age of the patient, overall health, other medical problems that could affect the recovery, etc. The decision of whether surgery is required or not can only be taken by an Orthopedician. If a fracture does not receive proper treatment, it can result in lifelong medical problems and pain. Always consult an orthopedic surgeon.

What is the main cause of arthritis?

There are 2 types of arthritis and each has a different cause. In the case of osteoarthritis, the cartilage that cushions the bones at a joint becomes worn away resulting in the bones grinding against each other, causing pain and limiting movement. In the case of rheumatoid arthritis the body’s immune attacks the joint capsule (the membrane that encloses a joint) and makes it swollen and inflamed. Consult an orthopedic surgeon for an accurate diagnosis and advise on the treatment options.

What is osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by low bone mass and deterioration of bone tissue, leading to an increased risk of fracture. Bone is constantly being remodeled—a process that involves the breakdown and rebuilding of bone tissue. In people with osteoporosis, remodeling occurs too quickly resulting in bones that are weak and more likely to break. Osteoporosis affects men and women of all ages, but it is most commonly diagnosed in postmenopausal women.

What is the most common orthopedic injury?

There is no single most common orthopedic injury. As an orthopedic surgeon with many years of experience behind me, I have seen a number of common injuries that people experience frequently. Which one is most likely or common will depend on a person’s lifestyle and the activities that are a part of his or her life. The common injuries include sprained ankles, foot pain, elbow pain, torn ligaments, damaged tendons, joint dislocations, and stress fractures. I deal with all these and other orthopedic problems every day.

How long does it take to recover from joint replacement surgery?

There is no fixed answer to this question. The recovery period will depend on the joint or joints that are being replaced, the age and overall health of the patient and any other existing co-morbidities. Recovery is also a gradual process with mobility increasing over time. Some action will be possible in a few days while others may take a few weeks.

Being an orthopedic surgeon specializing in joint replacement procedures, I give my patients an accurate recovery projection only after conducting a full examination so I am aware of all the factors that will affect the pace of recovery.

What are orthopedic diseases?

There are over 200 bones in the adult human body. It is the bones that provide the structure to our bodies and also form a protective shell over the internal organs. Many of the bones are connected by flexible joints to allow for free movement. The knee joint is one example. Any disease that affects the bones or joints is an orthopedic disease. Orthopedic ailments can cause pain, affect mobility, result in fractures and affect the quality of life. In the worst case, the condition, if not treated in time, can be fatal. As an orthopedic specialist with decades of experience behind me, I always ensure that my patients are accurately diagnosed so that the most effective treatment can be provided for the orthopedic ailments they face.

Is joint replacement a major surgery?

Joint replacement is a major procedure, but it is also an increasingly common one. As an orthopedic surgeon, I perform these procedures regularly. Advancements in surgical procedures and post-operation care and rehabilitation have made the procedure a safe one with a reduced recovery period. After a detailed diagnosis and evaluation of the results of various tests, I inform my patients of the details of the procedure and the expected recovery so that they are fully aware of the process and uncertainties are removed from their minds.

Why do patients require geriatric care

With advancing age, the functioning of the body is affected. Illnesses and injuries become more common or frequent. That does not mean that the elderly cannot live a full life. The medical care and treatment to be provided to the elderly is a specialized field of medicine and geriatric care entails both treating the illnesses and injuries that seniors are subject to as well as providing preventive medical care to stop the onset of avoidable medical problems. To learn more about the specialized medical needs of the elderly, consult a doctor specializing in geriatric care.

How long does keyhole surgery take to recover?

There is no fixed time frame for this. It depends on the type of surgery that is to be done. Age and other health issues will also affect recovery time. It is true that keyhole surgery is a preferred option in many cases if the health of the patient permits because the recovery time is typically less than with traditional open surgery. However, only a surgeon specializing in keyhole surgery will be able to decide if this is the right option. If so he will then inform the patient about the benefits, including the reduced recovery period.

What are the aims of geriatric care?

The object of geriatric care is to provide the specialized medical care that the elderly need. This is both by way of taking actions to prevent the onset of major health concerns and by providing patients with the treatment they need to recover from illness or injury. The medical needs of the elderly are different from those of younger people because their bodies are more delicate and so require special care and treatment. A specialist in geriatric medicine will be able to tell you more.dr

What is geriatric care?

As we age, our bodies keep changing. After a certain age, which varies slightly from person to person, our metabolism begins to slow down and become more vulnerable to medical problems. Illnesses, diseases, and medications may affect older people differently than younger adults, and older patients may have overlapping health problems that require multiple medications. Geriatrics is the medical specialty that focuses on providing the medical care and treatment that older adults need. Click on this link for more information on geriatric care.

What is best treatment for arthritis in lower back

Arthritis treatment depends on the type of arthritis. For lower back arthritis, treatments may include exercises to stretch and strengthen the back muscles, pain relief medications, and bracing or supports. Surgery may also be recommended for some people.

What is the fastest way to treat arthritis?

The fastest way to treat arthritis depends on the type of arthritis, the severity of the symptoms, and the overall health of the individual. Some common treatment options include:

    1. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen and naproxen to reduce pain and inflammation

    2. Physical therapy and exercise to improve range of motion and muscle strength

    3. Heat or cold therapy to reduce pain and inflammation

    4. Assistive devices such as canes, walkers, and braces reduce stress on the affected joints

    5. Weight management to reduce the stress on the joints

    6. Steroid injections to reduce inflammation in the joints

In more severe cases, surgery may be recommended, such as joint replacement or joint repair surgery, which can provide relief of pain and improve mobility.

It's important to work closely with a healthcare professional, such as a rheumatologist, to develop a treatment plan that works best for you and your lifestyle. This may involve a combination of treatments and lifestyle changes to manage the symptoms of arthritis and improve quality of life.

Why is geriatric care important?

Geriatric care is important because the healthcare needs of older adults are often complex and require specialized knowledge and skills. As people age, they are more likely to develop chronic health conditions and disabilities, which can impact their overall health and well-being. Geriatric care focuses on addressing the unique medical, social, and emotional needs of older adults and improving their quality of life. This may include managing chronic conditions, preventing or treating age-related illnesses, addressing mental health issues, promoting healthy lifestyle behaviors, and providing end-of-life care. Geriatric care can help older adults maintain their independence and improve their overall health outcomes, as well as reduce healthcare costs and improve healthcare system efficiency.

Why is geriatric care in high demand?

Geriatric care is in high demand due to the increasing population of older adults. With advances in medicine and healthcare, people are living longer than ever before, and the number of older adults is expected to double by 2050. As people age, they are more likely to develop chronic conditions and complex health issues, requiring specialized medical attention. Geriatric care provides older adults with comprehensive and individualized care that addresses their unique needs and helps them maintain their independence and quality of life. As such, the demand for geriatric care is expected to continue to rise in the coming years.

What are the indications for joint replacement surgery?

Joint replacement surgery is typically recommended for patients who have severe joint pain, stiffness, and mobility limitations that have not responded to non-surgical treatments, such as medications, physical therapy, or lifestyle changes. The most common indications for joint replacement surgery include:

1. Osteoarthritis: This is the most common reason for joint replacement surgery. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that occurs when the protective cartilage that cushions the joints wears away, causing bones to rub against each other and leading to pain and stiffness.

2. Rheumatoid arthritis: This is an autoimmune disorder that causes inflammation and damage to the joints, leading to pain, stiffness, and loss of function.

3. Post-traumatic arthritis: This occurs after a joint injury, such as a fracture or dislocation, that damages the cartilage and leads to arthritis.

4. Avascular necrosis: This is a condition in which the blood supply to a joint is disrupted, causing the bone tissue to die and leading to joint damage and pain.

5. Congenital abnormalities: Some people are born with joint abnormalities that can lead to early joint wear and tear, pain, and stiffness.

6. Failed previous joint surgery: In some cases, joint replacement surgery may be recommended if a previous joint surgery was unsuccessful or led to complications.

Overall, joint replacement surgery can significantly improve the quality of life for patients with severe joint pain and dysfunction, allowing them to return to their normal activities with less pain and better mobility.

Which joints are commonly treated with joint replacement surgery?

The joints commonly treated with joint replacement surgery are the hip, knee, and shoulder joints. These procedures aim to relieve pain, improve function, and enhance the quality of life for individuals with joint conditions.

What are the benefits of joint replacement surgery?

Joint replacement surgery offers several benefits for individuals suffering from severe joint pain and reduced mobility. Here are some key advantages:

1. Pain relief: Joint replacement surgery effectively alleviates chronic joint pain caused by conditions like arthritis, injury, or degenerative diseases. By replacing the damaged joint surfaces with artificial implants, the source of pain is eliminated, providing significant pain relief.

2. Improved function and mobility: Joint replacement surgery restores joint function and mobility, allowing individuals to perform daily activities with greater ease. It reduces joint stiffness, increases range of motion, and enables smoother movement, thus improving overall quality of life.

3. Enhanced quality of life: The reduction in pain and improvement in joint function contribute to an enhanced quality of life. Individuals can engage in activities they may have previously avoided due to pain, such as walking, exercising, participating in hobbies, and enjoying social interactions.

4. Increased independence: Joint replacement surgery helps individuals regain independence by reducing their reliance on assistive devices like canes or walkers. With improved joint function, they can perform tasks independently, leading to a greater sense of self-sufficiency.

5. Long-term durability: Artificial joint implants are designed to be durable and long-lasting. While they may require periodic monitoring and maintenance, joint replacements can provide many years of pain-free function, allowing individuals to enjoy an active lifestyle.

6. Psychological well-being: Relief from chronic joint pain and restoration of mobility can have a positive impact on an individual's mental and emotional well-being. Joint replacement surgery often leads to increased confidence, reduced anxiety, and improved overall mental health.

It is important to note that the specific benefits may vary depending on factors such as the individual's overall health, the type of joint being replaced, and the success of the surgical procedure. Consulting with a healthcare professional and discussing the potential benefits and risks is crucial in determining if joint replacement surgery is appropriate for a particular individual.

What are the different types of arthritis and their respective treatment options?

There are several types of arthritis, each with its own unique characteristics and treatment options. Here are some common types of arthritis and their respective arthritis treatment options:

1. Osteoarthritis (OA): Treatment options:

  • Pain relievers and anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs)
  • Physical therapy and exercise to strengthen muscles around the affected joints
  • Hot and cold therapy
  • Weight management to reduce stress on joints
  • Assistive devices like braces or canes
  • Corticosteroid injections for pain relief
  • Joint realignment or joint replacement surgery in severe cases.

2. Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA): Treatment options:

  • Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) to slow down disease progression and reduce joint damage
  • Biologic medications that target specific parts of the immune system responsible for inflammation
  • NSAIDs for pain relief and inflammation control
  • Physical therapy and exercise
  • Rest and joint protection techniques
  • Corticosteroid injections or joint drainage for symptom relief
  • Surgery for joint repair or replacement in severe cases.

3. Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA): Treatment options:

  • DMARDs and biologic medications for inflammation control
  • NSAIDs for pain relief
  • Physical therapy and exercise
  • Topical treatments for psoriasis skin lesions
  • Joint injections for localized pain relief
  • Surgery for joint repair or replacement in advanced stages.

4. Gout: Treatment options:

Medications to reduce uric acid levels in the blood (allopurinol, febuxostat)

NSAIDs or colchicine for pain relief during gout attacks

Corticosteroids for severe pain and inflammation

Weight management and dietary changes to reduce purine intake.

5. Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS): Treatment options:

  • NSAIDs for pain and inflammation relief
  • Physical therapy and exercise to maintain flexibility and posture
  • DMARDs or biologic medications for disease management and symptom control
  • TNF inhibitors for inflammation control in severe cases
  • Surgery for joint replacement or spinal fusion in rare cases.

6. Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA): Treatment options:

  • NSAIDs for pain relief
  • DMARDs or biologic medications for disease management and inflammation control
  • Physical therapy and exercise to improve joint function and mobility
  • Rest and joint protection techniques.
  • It's essential for individuals with arthritis to work closely with their healthcare providers, including rheumatologists and orthopedic 

specialists, to determine the most suitable arthritis treatment plan based on the specific type of arthritis, disease severity, and individual needs. Early and appropriate treatment can significantly improve joint function, manage symptoms, and enhance overall quality of life for those with arthritis.

What are the primary goals of arthritis treatment, and how do they differ based on the type and severity of arthritis?

The primary goals of arthritis treatment are to alleviate pain, reduce inflammation, improve joint function, and enhance the patient's overall quality of life. These goals remain relatively consistent across different types of arthritis, but their emphasis and approach can vary based on the specific type and severity of the condition.

1. Pain Relief: Pain management is a fundamental goal for all forms of arthritis. Strategies include medications, physical therapy, joint protection techniques, and lifestyle modifications. Pain relief improves daily functioning and allows patients to engage in activities with greater comfort.

2. Inflammation Control: Reducing inflammation is crucial in managing arthritis to prevent joint damage and progression. Anti-inflammatory medications, disease-modifying drugs, and, in some cases, biologic therapies are employed to suppress the inflammatory response.

3. Improved Joint Function: Enhancing joint mobility and function is essential. Physical therapy and exercises tailored to the type and stage of arthritis help maintain or restore joint flexibility, strength, and range of motion.

4. Minimized Joint Damage: Preventing further joint deterioration is especially important in types of arthritis like rheumatoid arthritis. Aggressive treatment with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and biologics aims to slow or halt joint damage.

5. Individualized Approach: The goals of treatment are personalized based on the type and severity of arthritis. In osteoarthritis, the focus might be on pain management and preserving joint function. In autoimmune arthritis like rheumatoid arthritis, targeting inflammation and preventing joint deformity are central.

6. Maintaining Independence: For all forms of arthritis, maintaining independence and quality of life are overarching goals. This may involve assistive devices, joint protection strategies, and education on managing flares and exacerbations.

7. Psychological Well-being: Addressing the emotional and psychological impact of arthritis is important. Patients with chronic pain might require counseling or support to manage depression, anxiety, and stress.

In summary, while the primary goals of arthritis treatment are consistent, their nuances differ based on the specific type and severity of arthritis. A personalized approach, often involving a multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals, ensures that patients receive the most effective and appropriate care for their unique condition.

How does physical therapy play a role in orthopedic treatment, and what are the expected benefits for patients?

Physical therapy plays a crucial role in orthopedic treatment by helping patients with musculoskeletal issues regain mobility, strength, and function, while also reducing pain and preventing further injuries. Here's how physical therapy contributes to orthopedic care and its expected benefits for patients:

1. Pain Management: Physical therapists use various techniques, including manual therapy, exercises, and modalities like heat or cold therapy, to alleviate pain. They target the source of the pain and work to reduce discomfort.

2. Improved Mobility and Function: Physical therapy focuses on restoring a patient's range of motion and functional abilities. This is especially important for individuals recovering from surgery, sports injuries, or musculoskeletal conditions like arthritis.

3. Muscle Strengthening: Through customized exercise programs, physical therapists help patients strengthen weakened muscles, which can stabilize joints and prevent further injuries or complications.

4. Balance and Coordination: Patients with orthopedic issues often experience balance and coordination problems. Physical therapists can address these issues, reducing the risk of falls and improving overall mobility.

5. Education and Self-Management: Physical therapists educate patients about their conditions and teach them self-management techniques, including exercises they can do at home. This empowers patients to take an active role in their recovery.

6. Prevention: Physical therapy can also have a preventive aspect. Therapists assess movement patterns and identify risk factors that could lead to future orthopedic problems, allowing for early intervention and injury prevention.

The expected benefits for patients include quicker and more effective recovery, reduced reliance on pain medications, enhanced quality of life, and a reduced risk of future musculoskeletal issues. Physical therapy is a vital component of holistic orthopedic care, promoting optimal healing and long-term well-being.

What are the Benefits of Arthroscopy?

Arthroscopy offers several benefits for both patients and surgeons when compared to traditional open surgery. Some of the key advantages of arthroscopy include:

1. Minimally Invasive: Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure, which means it involves smaller incisions, resulting in less tissue damage, reduced scarring, and generally faster recovery times compared to open surgery.

2. Direct Visualization: Arthroscopy allows surgeons to directly visualize the inside of a joint using a camera (arthroscope). This provides a clearer view of the joint's structures, allowing for more accurate diagnosis and targeted treatment.

3. Diagnostic and Therapeutic: Arthroscopy is not only a diagnostic tool but also a treatment method. In many cases, surgeons can address issues such as damaged cartilage, ligaments, or tendons during the same procedure.

4. Reduced Pain: Due to smaller incisions and less tissue trauma, patients often experience less pain after arthroscopy compared to open surgery. This can lead to reduced pain medication requirements.

5. Shorter Hospital Stay: Many arthroscopic procedures are performed on an outpatient basis, meaning patients can go home the same day, which is more convenient and cost-effective.

6. Quicker Recovery: Arthroscopy typically allows for a faster return to daily activities and work when compared to open surgery, where recovery can be more extended.

7. Lower Infection Risk: The risk of postoperative infections is generally lower in arthroscopic procedures since the incisions are smaller and the surgical area is better contained.

8. Less Blood Loss: Arthroscopy usually results in minimal blood loss during the procedure, reducing the need for blood transfusions.

9. Improved Cosmetic Outcome: The smaller incisions used in arthroscopy lead to less noticeable scarring, which can be particularly important for patients concerned about cosmetic outcomes.

10. Better Outcomes in Some Cases: For specific conditions, such as certain knee and shoulder problems, arthroscopy has been shown to provide superior outcomes compared to traditional open surgery.

It's important to note that the benefits of arthroscopy can vary depending on the specific joint being treated, the condition or injury involved, and the patient's individual circumstances. The effectiveness of the procedure and the speed of recovery may also depend on the skill and experience of the surgeon. Patients should discuss the advantages and potential risks of arthroscopy with their healthcare provider to determine if it is the right option for their particular situation.

What is keyhole surgery?

Keyhole surgery, also known as minimally invasive surgery or laparoscopic surgery, involves performing surgical procedures through small incisions using specialized instruments and a camera. Instead of making a large incision to access the surgical site, keyhole surgery utilizes tiny incisions, typically less than an inch in length.

Here's how it works:

1. Small Incisions: Several small incisions are made near the surgical area, through which trocars (hollow tubes) are inserted.

2. Camera and Instruments: A thin, flexible tube called a laparoscope equipped with a camera and a light source is inserted through one of the trocars. This allows the surgical team to visualize the internal structures on a monitor in real-time.

3. Surgical Procedure: Specialized surgical instruments are passed through the other trocars to perform the necessary surgical steps. Surgeons manipulate these instruments while watching the live video feed from the camera.

Keyhole surgery offers several advantages over traditional open surgery:

Minimal Tissue Damage: Smaller incisions result in less damage to surrounding tissues, reducing pain and accelerating recovery.

Faster Recovery: Patients often experience shorter hospital stays and quicker recoveries compared to open surgery.

Reduced Risk of Infection: Smaller incisions lower the risk of infections and complications.

Improved Cosmetic Outcome: Smaller scars lead to better cosmetic results.

Keyhole surgery is used in various medical fields, including gynecology, orthopedics, urology, and general surgery, for procedures ranging from appendectomies and gallbladder removal to joint surgeries and tumor removals.


Reviews - 3

I have been Dr Aravindan s patient for a very long time now.I usually end up at his op when i am in extreme pain bcos of my rheumatoid arthiritis. Every single time his compassionate, reassuring, calm,friendly,patient attitude puts me at complete ease and that in itself cures half my symptoms I feel. Its extremely rare to see someone who is at his position to still be down to earth and very approachable.He is quite an inspiration to me. A very genuine person and someone with a good heart. Thank you sir!

Deepa Senthil

31 July 2023

V good doctor. I went with a frozen shoulder complaint, i am recovering slowly v energetic dr, wants a positive feedback from patients

Sai Sudha

31 August 2021

One of the best Ortho doctor in the city...very professional and make us comfortable and the treatment would be transparent and very humble...would strongly recommend him

Narayanan Thanikachalam | Executive

19 May 2021

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